Indo - German (DBT-DFG) Project

Optimized use of feed resources for high lifetime productivity of dairy cows and consequences on enteric methane release (FOR2432-IA03)

Duration: 3 years (2016-19)
Budget: Rs. 56.7 lakhs (Indian side)
Principal Investigator: Dr. Raghavendra Bhatta
Associates: Dr. P. K. Malik, Dr. A. Mech
Collaborator details: Dr. Eva Schlet, University of Kassel, Germany

Salient Achievements

Total twenty eight dairy farms located at rural-urban interface were identified and surveyed for the animal husbandry practices

Feed and fodder samples were collected and analyzed for proximate principles and fibre fractions

Samples were also analyzed for in vitro methane production potential

Enteric methane emission were quantified in cattle and sheep using SF6 and LMD techniques in order to optimize the LMD technique for methane quantification

Exchange visits of Scientist were accomplished

Indo - Japan (DST-JSPS) Project

Methane mitigation using unexplored phyto sources in ruminants and their effect on rumen microbial diversity (DST/INT/JSPS-205/2015)

Duration: 2 years
Budget: Rs. 4.2 lakhs (Indian side)
Principal Investigator: Dr. Raghavendra Bhatta
Associates: Dr. P. K. Malik, Dr. A. P. Kolte
Collaborator details: Dr. Yutaka Uyeno; Shinshu University, Nagano, Ina, Japan

Salient Achievements

Two exchange visits of scientific personnel from each participating country were accomplished

The qualitative & quantitative screening of phyto samples collected from Hiamalyan region were carried out for tannins, flavonoids, terpenoids, saponins, glycosides, alkaloids and phlobatannins

Phyto samples were evaluated for in vitro methane production potential and promising sources for reducing methane production were identified

Indo - Hungary Project

Strategic improvement of efficiency of Vitrification of preantral follicles and embryos of sheep and buffalo: Genomic changes with reference to apoptosis and developmental competence

Duration: 3 years (July, 2017 to June, 2020)
Budget: Rs. 36.5 Lakhs (Indian Side)
Co-ordinator: Dr. P. S. P. Gupta (PI)
Associates: Dr. S. Nandi and Dr. S. Mondal

Salient Achievements

Exchange visit of Indian Scientists to Hungary was completed

Three kinds of media with different compositions are being tried to vitrify preantral follicles

ARCh_Net Project

Regional network for skills exchanges on dynamic adaptation of ruminant production systems to a changing environment (ARCh_Net)

Duration: 3 years (July, 2012 to June, 2015)
Budget: Rs. 8 Lakhs (Indian Side)
Co-ordinator: Dr. P. S. P. Gupta
Associates: Dr. K .Giridhar, Dr. S. Jash

Salient Achievements

Training programs on LASER software (for the use of management of Animal Production systems) and NIRS for assessing feed and fodder quality were conducted

Technical assistance was provided to a Masters degree intern from France for her thesis work on Feed and Fodder quality evaluation with NIRS

Indo - Japan Project

Growth factors in small oocyte development: Proteomics and genomic approaches

Duration: 2 years (July, 2011 to June, 2013)
Budget: Rs. 5 Lakhs (Indian Side)
Co-ordinator: Dr. P. S. P. Gupta
Associates: Dr. S. Nandi & Dr. A. Dhali

Salient Achievements

In addition to the exchange visits from both the countries, research was done on the role of amphiregulin and neuregulin on oocyte cumulus expansion and biochemical profiling of different size categories of ovarian follicles

Transcript profiling of GDF-9, FGF-2, FGF-10, FGF-8 and GAPDH in immature goat oocytes was done. Targeted fragments of these transcripts were PCR amplified, cloned and sequenced.

Indo - Australian Project (ICAR-ACIAR)

Increasing the productivity of cattle in India and Australia through rumen fungal treatments

Duration: 3 years (July, 2003 to November, 2006)
Budget: Rs. 79 Lakhs
Project Team (NIANP, Bengaluru)
Dr. K. T. Sampath (Project Leader), Dr. C. S. Prasad, Principal Scientist, Dr. Manpal Sridhar, Senior Scientist, Dr. S. Anandan, Senior Scientist, Dr. M. Chandrashekaraiah, Scientist(SS), Mrs. A. Tulasi, Scientist(SS)

Salient Achievements

In addition to the training received by Indian scientists and exchange of visits from both the countries, anaerobic fungi were isolated from a large number of small and large ruminants, zoo ruminants and large herbivores. The rumen liquor samples were restricted to animals of the Institute while the dung samples were collected from various districts of Karnataka as well as other states. All the five recognized genera of gut fungi were successfully isolated. Existence of Cyllamyces,a sixth genera was reported in Buffaloes for the first time in the Indian sub-continent. Four of the superior fiber degrading cultures selected based on results of in vitro gas production were tested for their relative abilities to degrade plant fiber in cattle feeding trials. A feeding trial was carried out in Holstein heifers using three groups of six animals as follows: (1) basal diet (control); (2) basal diet plus 6.6 g/day anhydrous sodium sulphate (sulphate; 1.45 g S/day) and (3) basal diet plus 8.0 g/day anhydrous sodium MPS (Na-MPS; 2.88 g S/day).Supplementation of a S-deficient low quality roughage diet, with either MPS or sodium sulphate in conjunction with compensatory N, improved rumen fermentation through an apparent increase in microbial protein synthesis.


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